In legal and justice, home arrest is a temporary measure by which the state forces a person to be confined in their house. Usually, travel is strictly limited, and if allowed at all, is usually limited to only certain places. The most common forms of home arrest are jailhouse confinement and house arrest.
Jailhouse confinement is an act of confinement under the supervision of a corrections officer in the custody of the court. Jailhouse confinement can also be called correctional confinement or custodial confinement. The prisoner is not allowed to leave the area for more than fourteen days unless accompanied by a guard. There are some states that allow people to serve their time outside the jail, but these are very rare and are only allowed in the worst of cases.
House arrest is a very similar situation to jailhouse confinement except that the person is not in the presence of a corrections officer. People who are arrested for criminal activity may be required to spend a certain amount of time in jail in order to register as a defendant. The amount of time varies from state to state.
While in house arrest, a person cannot leave the house without permission. They may go to the doctor’s office, a park, a restaurant, an event, or anywhere else that does not require a police escort. If the home of the arrested person is searched, they are not allowed to enter any other house until their case has been resolved.
While in house arrest, a person has the right to make telephone calls to family members and friends and use the internet for school, work, or personal purposes. They are not allowed to talk to someone else in the house except their attorneys or other people involved in their case. They cannot take any photographs or videos.
Some states have stipulations that prohibit people who are in house arrest to take part in the lottery or sweepstakes for a specified amount of time or to give a child a ride home. Also, if a person who is arrested is found to be a danger to themselves or others and is likely to commit more crimes, they may be removed from their home and put in prison where they would normally spend their time.
A house arrest is usually temporary and is considered to be a form of probation by the courts. The person must abide by all terms and conditions of the sentence and be prepared to face the court if the case goes to trial. Probation is a serious matter and is used to keep people from going to jail for long periods of time while they are awaiting trial.
The most common reason that a person will be put in house arrest is for failing to appear at a court hearing or for failure to pay a fine or court fee. While in house arrest, the person is unable to leave the home and cannot do things that would get them arrested again.